Characteristics of education in Serbian traditional culture

  • Slobodan Jović Independent Researcher, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Keywords: education, traditional culture, game, childhood, customs

Abstract

In this work, we present the essential features of education in Serbian traditional culture. We have presented the characteristics of education in Serbian traditional culture through three aspects. We have listed the most important customs that are present in our traditional culture and are related to children and childhood. The characteristics of the game, its place and role in the patriachal culture of the Serbs are analyzed. The essential features of education in our culture are reflected in the gradual introduction of children into the work process, children’s participation in the community’s economy, joint care of children, ensuring that the tasks entrusted to children are aligned with their age and abilities.
In our traditional culture, there are numerous customs related to children and childhood. The most significant are those related to the first ste, the first tooth, the first haircut, baptism and midwives. All customs that have the meaning of the first are important, so special care is taken to ensure that they are carried out literally and to the end. If some of these customs are not implemented, it is believed that it can negatively affect the life of the child. Child care begins in the prenatal period. The period of pregnancy is accompanied by numerous taboos that should contribute to the happiness and health of the child. The purpose of customs is to fit the newborn member into the community, but also to establish friendship with supernatural forces.
The game has an important place in education in the traditional culture of the Serbian people. There are numerous games that are played in different regions. There are games that are played by boys, that are played by girls, but also those that are played by children of both sexes. Play is a significant phenomenon and its role is very valuable in the inclusion of young people in culture. She is the link between the world of adults an the world of childhood. In traditional culture, work and play activities are intertwined. Toys are made from natural materials, which is a great way to learn about the environment and the quality of diferent materials. Contemporary pedagogical science should reconsider the values and pedagogical potential of children’s games. Also, it is valuable to study and find new types of games and their authenticity that arise from the geographical and local specificities of a certain area.
Education in the traditional culture of the Serbs also has its shortcomings, which arise from the significant influence of mythical-magical beliefs, as well as the lack of positive knowledge about childbirth, care and growing up and upbringing of a child. All this led to the practice of certain customs and rituals that can be dangerous for the health and life of the mother and child.

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Published
2024-02-21
How to Cite
Jović, S. (2024). Characteristics of education in Serbian traditional culture. Synesis: Journal for Humanities and Social Sciences, 5(1), 49-63. https://doi.org/10.7251/SIN2401003J