Students’ self-assessment of creativity depending on their gender and the level of education of their parents

  • Vesna Cvjetinović University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Philosophy, Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Zlatko Pavlović University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Philosophy, Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Sonja Kaurin University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Philosophy, Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Keywords: creativity, elf-assessments of creativity, areas of expression of creativity, self-assessments of creativity and gender, self-assessments of creativity and educational level of parents

Abstract

In the modern world, there are more and more jobs whose successful performance relies on a creative approach. Because of this, the creativity of people is gaining in importance, and so does the way in which they perceive and evaluate creativity. This paper presents the results of research on the students’ assessments of their own creativity. To a sample of 370 students from several different faculties, we applied the Kaufman K-DOCS scale, which measures self-assessments of creativity in five areas of its manifestation: personal-daily, academic, performance-related, technical-scientific and artistic. The results were analyzed taking into account the gender of the respondents and the educational level of their parents. Fathers’ education as the main effect was the most common, gender as the main effect in respondents was less common, and the interaction between gender of respondents and the educational level of their parents was registered only in one case. According to our results, respondents whose fathers have a higher level of education show increased self-assessments of their creativity in the academic, performance, technical-scientific and artistic fields. The educational level of mothers has not proved to be relevant for the self-assessments of creativity. As for the gender of the respondents, it proved significant in two areas. Male respondents assessed their own creativity more positively in the technical-scientific field, and female respondents did so in the artistic field. In other areas, differences were not registered. The interaction between the gender of the respondents and the educational level of their parents was registered only in the self-assessments in the technical and scientific field, where male respondents whose mothers have a higher level of education had more positive self-assessments of creativity than respondents whose mothers have a lower level of education, while such a tendency in female respondents was not registered.

References

Acar, S., Tadik, H., Uysal, R., Myers, D., & Inetas., B. (2023). Socio-Economic Status and Creativity: A Meta-Analysis. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 57(1), 138–172. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.568

Albert, A., & Kormos, J. (2004). Creativity and narrative task performance: An exploratory study. Language Learning, 54(2), 277–310. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2004.00256.x

Ausubel, D. P. (1978). The Nature and Measurement of Creativity. Psychology 4(21), 179–191.

Baer, J. (1999). Gender Differences. In M. A. Runco & S. R. Pritzker (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity (pp. 753–758). Academic Press.

Baer, J. (2012). Domain specificity and the limits of creativity theory. Journal of Creative Behavior, 46(1), 16–29. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.002

Barron, F. (1988). Putting creativity to work. In: R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), The nature of creativity: Contemporary psychological perspectives (pp. 76–98). Cambridge University Press. http://scholar.worldlib.site:8000/upload/202203/29/202203291101251560.pdf

Baquedano, M. T. S. A., & Lizarraga, M. L. S. A. (2012). A correlational and predictive study of creativity and personality of college students. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 15(3), 1081–1088. http://doi.org/10.5209/rev_SJOP.2012.v15.n3.39398

Beghetto, R. A., & Kaufman, J. C. (2007). The genesis of creative greatness: Mini-c and the expert performance approach. High Ability Studies, 18(1), 59–61. https://doi.org/10.1080/13598130701350668

Beghetto, R. A., Kaufman, J. C., & Baxter, J. (2011). Answering the unexpected questions: Exploring the relationship between students’ creative self-efficacy and teacher ratings of creativity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 5(4), 342–349. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0022834

Benedek, M., Jauk, E., Sommer, M., Arendasy, M., & Neubauer, A. C. (2014). Intelligence, Creativity, and Cognitive Control: the Common and Differential Involvement of Executive Functions in Intelligence and Creativity. Intelligence, 46, 73–83. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.intell.2014.05.007

Beniwali, P., & Singh, C. K. (2017). Role of socio-economic status in enhancing adolescents’ Creative thinking. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(1), 37–42. https://www.academia.edu/31133675/ROLE_OF_SOCIO_ECONOMIC_STATUS_IN_ENHANCING_ADOLESCENTS_CREATIVE_THINKING

Bradley, R. H., & Corwyn, R. F. (2002). Socioeconomic status and child development. Annual Review of Psychology, 53(1), 371–399. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135233.

Chang, J. H., Hsu, C. C., Shih, N. H., & Chen, H. C. (2014). Multicultural families and creative children. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(8), 1288–1296. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022114537556

Cropley, A. J. (2001). Creativity in education & learning: A guide for teachers and educators. Psychology Press. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203826270

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1999). Implications of a System’s Perspective for the Study of Creativity. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.) Handbook of Creativity (pp. 313–338). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511807916.018

Dahlman, S., Bаackstrom, P., Bohlin, G., & Frans, O. (2013). Cognitive abilities of street children: Low-SES Bolivian boys with and without experience of living in the street. Child Neuropsychology, 19(5), 540–556. https://doi.org/10.1080/09297049.2012.731499

Dai, D. Y., Tan, X., Marathe, D., Valtcheva, A., Pruzek, R. M., & Shen, J. (2012). Influences of social and educational environments on creativity during adolescence: Does SES matter? Creativity Research Journal, 24(2-3), 191–199. https://doi.org/ 10.1080/10400419.2012.677338

Deng, L., Wang, L., & Zhao, Y. (2016). How creativity was affected by environmental factors and individual characteristics: A cross-cultural comparison perspective. Creativity Research Journal, 28(3), 357–366. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2016.1195615

Dewing, K., & Taft, R. (1973). Some characteristics of the parents of creative twelve-year-olds. Journal of Personality, 41(1), 71–85. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.1973.tb00661.x

Dhasmana, G. (2020). A study of creativity among boys and girls of junior secondary level. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research, 5(3), 29–31. https://www.multidisciplinaryjournals.in/assets/archives/2020/vol5issue3/5-3-16-576.pdf

Dhillon, P. K., & Mehra, D. (1987). The influence of social class and sex on primary school children’s creative thinking. Asian Journal of Psychology & Education, 19(2-3), 1–10.

Diedrich, J., Jauk, E., Silvia, P. J., Gredlein, J. M., Neubauer, A. C., & Benedek, M. (2018). Assessment of real-life creativity: The Inventory of Creative Activities and Achievements (ICAA). Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 12(3), 304–316. https://doi.org/10.1037/aca0000137

Dudek, S. Z., Strobel, M. G., & Runco, M. A. (1993). Cumulative and proximal influences on the social environment and children´s creative potential. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 154(4), 487–499. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221325.1993.9914747

Dutcher, G., & Rodet, C. S. (2022). Creative capital generation: The role of diverse teams, Experience and Communication. http://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.422096 2

Fan, J., & Zhang, L. (2014). The role of perceived parenting styles in thinking styles. Learning and Individual Differences, 32, 204–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2014.03.004

Fasko, D. (2001). Education and creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 13(3&4), 317–327. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15326934CRJ1334_09

Feist, G. J. (1998). A meta-analysis of personality in scientific and artistic creativity. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2, 290–309. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327957pspr0204_5

Feldhusen, J. F. (1999). Giftedness and Creativity. In M. A. Runco and S. R. Pritzker (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Creativity (Vol. I, pp. 773–777). Academic Press. https://books.google.ba/books?id=cpc7CJH1-s8C&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Francine D. B., & Lawrence M. K. (2017). The gender wage gap: extent, trends, and explanations. Journal of Economic Literature, 55(3), 789–865. https://doi.org/10.1257/jel.20160995

Freedman-Doan, C., Wigfield, A., Eccles, J. S., Blumenfeld, P., Arbreton, A., & Harold, R. D. (2000). What am I best at? Grade and gender differences in children’s beliefs about ability improvement. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 21(4), 379–402. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0193-3973(00)00046-0

Furnham, A., Batey, M., Anand, K., & Manfield, J. (2008). Personality, hypomania, intelligence and creativity. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(5), 1060–1069. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2007.10.035

Furnham, A., Zhang, J., & Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2005). The relationship between psychometric and self-estimated intelligence, creativity, personality and academic achievement. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 25(2), 119–145. http://doi.org/10.2190/530V-3M9U-7UQ8-FMBG

Ghayas, S., Akhter, S., & Adil, A. (2012). Impact of gender and subject on the creativity level of high and low achievers. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 39(1), 150–156. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/233529442_Impact_of_Gender_and_Subject_on_the_Creativity_Level_of_High_and_Low_Achievers

Gottfried, A. W., Gottfried, A. E., Bathurst, K., & Guerin, D. W. (1994). Gifted IQ: Early Developmental aspects: The Fullerton longitudinal study. Plenum Press. https://gwern.net/doc/iq/high/fullerton/1994-gottfried-giftediqfullertonlongitudinalstudy.pdf

Gralewski, J., & Karwowski, M. (2013). Polite girls and creative boys? Student’s gender moderates accuracy of teacher’s ratings of creativity. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 47(4), 290–304. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.36

Grolnick, W. S., & Slowiaczek, M. L. (1994). Parents’ involvement in children’s schooling: A multidimensional conceptualization and motivational model. Child Development, 65, 237–252. https://doi.org/10.2307/1131378

Gu, C. H., Fan, C. Y., Zhang, D. J., Yang, S., & Song, J. J. (2012). The effect of parenting styles and personality on primary school children’s social creativity and social preferences. Chinese Journal of Special Education, 149(11), 79–83.

Guilford, Joy P. (1968) Intelligence, Creativity and their Educational Implications. Knapp.

Harrington, D. M., Block, J. W., & Block, J. (1987). Testing aspects of Carl Rogers’ theory of creative environments: Childrearing antecedents of creative environments in young adolescents. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 851–856. https:// doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.52.4.851

Harris, Y.R., Terrel, D., & Allen, G. (1999). The influence of education context and beliefs on the teaching behavior of African American mothers. Journal of Black Psychology, 25, 490-503. https://doi.org/10.1177/0095798499025004002

Hauser, R. M. (1994). Measuring socioeconomic status in studies of child development. Child Development, 65(6), 1541–1545. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.1994.tb00834.x.

Heinla, Е. (2006). Creative thinking of adolescents in Estonian society. Young Nordic Journal of Youth Research, 14(3), 235–255. https://doi.org/10.1177/1103308806065818

Hocevar, D. (1980), Intelligence, divergent thinking, and creativity, Intelligence, 4(1), 25–40. https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-2896(80)90004-5

Hoff, E. (2003). The specificity of environmental influence: Socioeconomic status affects early vocabulary development via maternal speech. Child Development,74 (5), 1368-1378. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00612

Hoff, E., Laursen, B., & Tardif, T. (2002). Socioeconomic status and parenting. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: Biology and ecology of parenting (2nd ed., pp. 231–252). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Hong, E., Peng, Y., O’Neill, H. F., Jr., & Wu, J. (2013). Domain-general and domain-specific creative-thinking tests: Effects of gender and item content on testperformance. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 89–105. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.26

Ivcevic, Z., & Kaufman, J. C. (2013). The can and cannot do attitude: How self-estimates of ability vary across ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Learning and Individual Differences, 27, 144–148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2013.07.011

Jankowska, D. M., & Karwowski, M. (2019). Family factors and development of creative thinking. Personality and Individual Differences, 142, 202–206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.07.030

Kandemir, M. A., & Kaufman, J. C. (2019). The Kaufman domains of creativity scale: Turkish validation and relationship to academic major. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 54(4), 1002–1012. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.428

Karwowski, M. (2009). I’m creative, but am I creative? Similarities and differences between self-evaluated small and Big-C creativity in Poland. International Journal of Creativity & Problem-Solving, 19(2), 7–26. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/232515453_I’m_creative_but_am_I_Creative_Similarities_and_differences_between_self-evaluated_small_and_Big_C_creativity_in_Poland

Kaufman, J. C. (2012). Counting the muses: Development of the Kaufman domains of creativity scale (K-DOCS). Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 6(4), 298–308. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029751

Kaufman, J. C. (2019). Self assessments of creativity: Not ideal, but better than you think. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 13(2), 187–192. https://doi.org/10.1037/aca0000217

Kaufman, J. C., & Baer, J. (2004a). Sure, I’m creative but not in mathematics! Self-reported creativity in diverse domains. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 22(2), 143–155. https://doi.org/10.2190/26HQ-VHE8-GTLN-BJJM

Kaufman, J. C., & Baer, J. (2004b). Creativity across domains: Faces of the muse. Psychology Press. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781410611925

Kaufman, J. C., & Beghetto, R. A. (2009). Beyond big and little: The four c model of creativity. Review of General Psychology, 13(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0013688

Kaufman, J. C., Niu, W., Sexton, J. D., & Cole, J. C. (2010). In the eye of the beholder: Differences across ethnicity and gender in evaluating creative work. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40(2), 496–511. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00584.x

Kaurin, S., & Perućica R. (2021). Samoprocjene kreativnosti kod studenata u zavisnosti od njihovog pola i akademskog uspjeha. Istraživanja u pedagogiji, 11(2), 418–430. https://doi.org/10.5937/IstrPed2102418K

Kayili, G., Kuşcu, Ö., & Özdemir A. (2011). The analysis of creativity of pre-school children in Turkey according to different variants. International Journal of Arts and Sciences, 4(5), 208–218. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/267094337_The_Analysis_of_Creativity_of_Pre-School_Children_in_Turkey_Acording_to_Different_Variants

Kharkhurin, A. V., & Samadpour Motalleebi, S. N. (2008). The impact of culture on the creative potential of American, Russian, and Iranian college students. Creativity Research Journal, 20(4), 404–411. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400410802391835

Kiehn, M. T. (2003). Development of music creativity among elementary school students. Journal of Research in Music Education, 51(4), 278–288. https://doi.org/10.2307/3345655

Klebanov, P. K., Brooks-Gunn, J. & Duncan, G. J. (1994). Does Neighborhood and family poverty affect mother’s parenting, mental health, and social support? Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56(2), 441-455. https://doi.org/10.2307/353111

Kozbelt, A., Beghetto, R. A. & Runco, M. A. (2010). Theories of Creativity. In J. C. Kaufman & R. J. Sternberg (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity (pp. 20–47). Cambridge University Press. http://13.87.204.143/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/7281/The%20Cambridge%20Handbook%20of%20Creativity.pdf?sequence=1

Lau, S., & Cheung, P. C. (2015). A gender-fair look at variability in creativity: Growth in variability over a period versus gender comparison at a time point. Creativity Research Journal, 27(1), 87–95. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2015.992685

Lazarides, R., & Lauermann, F. (2019). Gendered paths into STEM-related and language-related careers: Girls’ and boys’ motivational beliefs and career plans in math and language arts. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 12–43. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01243

Leu, Y., & Chiu, M. (2015). Creative behaviours in mathematics: Relationships with abilities, demographics, affects and gifted behaviours. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 16, 40–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2015.01.001

Lim, S., & Smith, J. (2008). The structural relationships of parenting style, creative personality, and loneliness. Creativity Research Journal, 20(4), 412–419. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400410802391868

Lin, S., & Wong, C. S. (2014). The creativity level of Taiwan hospitality undergraduate students. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 144, 54–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.273

Linver, M. R., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Kohen, D. E. (2002). Family processes as pathways from income to young childrenʼs development. Developmental Psychology, 38(5), 719-734. https://doi.org/10.1037//0012-1649.38.5.719

Magnusson, M. (2018). The creative networker predicted relations between network behavior and creativity. [Bachelor thesis, Uppsala universitet]. E-theses of the Uppsala universitet.

https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:1288904/FULLTEXT01.pdf

Maksić, S. (1995): What schooling for the gifted, Psihologija, 28 (3–4), 269–282. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329144812_WHAT_SCHOOLING_FOR_THE_GIFTED#fullTextFileContent

Maksić, S. (2000). Od teorija kreativnosti do zahteva savremenog sveta, u: Gojkov, G. (ur.), Zbornik 6 „Stvaraoci i stvarnost“ (47–62), Viša škola za obrazovanje vaspitača. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329538957_Od_teorija_kreativnosti_do_zahteva_savremenog_sveta

Maksić, S., & Đurišić-Bojanović, M. (2004). Kreativnost, znanje i školski uspeh, Zbornik Instituta za pedagoška istraživanja, 36, 85–105. https://www.ipisr.org.rs/images/arhiva-zbornika/36/Kreativnost.pdf

Maksić, S. & Spasenović, V. (2018). Educational Science Students’ Implicit Theories of Creativity. Creativity Research Journal 30(3), 287–294. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2018.1488200

Mankar, J. P., Ugale, S. U., & Rothe, S. P. (2011). Creativity in children as function of parent occupation and socio-economic status. International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 1(4), 17–18. https://updatepublishing.com/journal/index.php/imrj/article/view/1451/1437

Matud, M. P., Rodríguez, C. & Grande, J. P. (2007). Gender differences in creative thinking. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(5), 1137–1147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2007.03.006

McKay, A. S., Karwowski, M. & Kaufman, J. C. (2017), Measuring the Muses: Validating the Kaufman Domains of Creativity Scale (K-DOCS). Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 11 (2), 216-230. https://doi.org/10.1037/aca0000074

Miroshnik, K. G., Shcherbakova, O. V., & Kaufman, J. C. (2022). Kaufman Domains of Creativity Scale: Relationship to occupation and measurement invariance across gender. Creativity Research Journal, 34(2), 159–177. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2021.1953823

Montag-Smit, T., & Maertz, C. P., Jr. (2017). Searching outside the box in creative problem solving: The role of creative thinking skills and domain knowledge. Journal of Business Research, 81, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.07.021.

Naderi, H., Abdullah, R., Aizan, H. T., Sharir, J., & Kumar, V. (2009). Creativity, age and gender as predictors of academic achievement among undergraduate students. Journal of American Science, 5(5), 101–112. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228352337_Creativity_Age_And_Gender_As_Predictors_Of_Academic_Achievement_Among_Undergraduate_Students

Okere, M. I. O., & Ndeke, G. C. W. (2012). Influence of gender and knowledge on secondary school students’ scientific creativity skills in Nakuru District, Kenya. European Journal of Educational Research, 1(4), 353–366. https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.1.4.353

Olszewski, P., Kulieke, M., & Buescher, T. (1987). The influence of the family environment on the development of talent: A literature review. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 11(1), 6–28. https://doi.org/10.1177/016235328701100102

Orr, A. J. (2003). Black–White differences in achievement: The importance of wealth. Sociology of Education, 76(4), 281–304. https://doi.org/10.2307/1519867.

Pallant, J. (2017). SPSS Priručnik za preživljavanje: postupni vodič kroz analizu podataka pomoću programa IBM SPSS. Mikro knjiga.

Parsasirat, Z., Foroughi, A., Yusooff, F., Subhi, N., Nen, S., & Farhad, H. (2013). Effect of socioeconomic status on emersion adolescent creativity. Asian Social Science, 9(4), 105–112. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v9n4p105

Phipps, S. T. A., & Prieto, L. C. (2015). Women versus men in entrepreneurship: A comparison of the sexes on creativity, political skill, and entrepreneurial intentions. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, 21(1), 32–43. https://www.abacademies.org/articles/aejvol21no12015.pdf

Pishghadam, R., & Zabihi, R. (2011). Social and cultural capital in creativity. Canadian Social Science 7(2), 32–38.

http://doi.org/10.3968/j.css.1923669720110702.004

Prado, R. M., Alencar, E. M. L. S., & Fleith, D. S. (2016). Diferenças de gênero em criatividade: Análise das pesquisas brasileiras. Boletim de Psicologia, LXVI(144), 113–124. http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/pdf/bolpsi/v66n144/v66n144a10.pdf

Pribesh, S., Gavigan, K., & Dickinson, G. (2011). The access gap: Poverty and characteristics of school library media centers. The Library Quarterly, 81(2), 143–160. https://doi.org/10.1086/658868.

Puccio, G. J. (2017). From the dawn of humanity to the 21st century: Creativity as an enduring survival skill. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 51(4), 330–334. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.203

Puran, R., Behzadi, M. H., Shahvarani, A., & Lotfi, F. H. (2017). The effects of training and other factors on problem solving in students. European Journal of Contemporary Education, 6(3), 448–460. https://doi.org/10.13187/ejced.2017.3.448

Pušina, A. (2020). Navođenje na kreativnost: psihologijski fundamenti. Filozofski fakultet u Sarajevu.

Raina, M. K. (1968). A study into the effect of competition on creativity. Gifted Child Quarterly, 12(4), 217–220. https://doi.org/10.1177/001698626801200407

Rejskind, F. G., Rapagna, S. O., & Gold, D. (1992). Gender differences in children’s divergent thinking. Creativity Research Journal, 5(2), 165–174. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419209534430

Rosa, J. A., Qualls, W. J., & Ruth, J. A. (2014). Consumer creativity: Effects of gender and variation in the richness of vision and touch inputs. Journal of Business Research, 67(3), 386–393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2012.12.023

Runco, M. A., & Bahleda, M. D. (1986). Implicit theories of artistic, scientific, and everyday creativity. Journal of Creative Behavior, 20(2), 93–98. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2162-6057.1986.tb00423.x

Runco M. A., Cramond B., & Pagnani A. R. (2010). Gender and Creativity. In J. Chrisler & D. McCreary (Eds.), Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology (pp. 343-357). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1465-1_17

Runco, M. A., & Jaeger, G. J. (2012). The standard definition of creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 24(1), 92–96. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2012.650092

Ruth, J. E., & Birren, J. E. (1985), Creativity in adulthood and old age: Relations to intelligence, sex and mode of testing. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 8(1), 99–109. https://doi.org/10.1177/016502548500800107

Saha B. (2012). Creativity in relation to socio-economic status in secondary school students in West Bengal, Indian journal of applied research, 2(2), 60–61. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/314888532_Creativity_in_relation_to_Socio-Economic_Status_in_Secondary_School_Students_in_West_Bengal

Shi, B. G., & Shen, J. L. (2007). The relationships among family SES, intelligence, intrinsic motivation and creativity. Psychological Development and Education, 23, 30–34. http://www.devpsy.com.cn/CN/PDF/580?token=bc928ac907e44fe9828a4a7d11afc628

Smare, Z., & Elfatihi, M. (2023). A systematic review of research on creative thinking in primary education: Focus on empirical methodologies. Issues in Educational Research, 33(2), 752–780. https://www.iier.org.au/iier33/smare.pdf

Stoltzfus, G., Nibbelink, B. L., Vrendenburg, D., & Hyrum, E. (2011). Gender, gender role and creativity. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 39(3), 425–432. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.3.425

Tierney, P., & Farmer, S. M. (2011). Creative self-efficacy development and creative performance over time. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(2), 277–293. http://doi.org/10.1037/a0020952

Trivedi, K., & Bhargava, R. (2010). Relation of creativity and educational achievement in adolescence. Journal of Psychology, 1(2), 85–89. https://doi.org/10.1080/09764224.2010.11885449

Tsai, K. C. (2013). Examining gender differences in creativity. The International Journal of Social Sciences, 13(1), 115–122. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283083659_EXAMINING_GENDER_DIFFERENCES_IN_CREATIVITY

Werner, C. H., Tang, M., Kruse, J., Kaufman, J. C., & Spörrle, M. (2014). The Chinese version of the Revised Creativity Domain Questionnaire (CDQ‐R): First evidence for its factorial validity and systematic association with the Big Five. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 48(4), 254–275. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.51

Yang, Y., Xu, X., Liu, W., & Pang, W. (2020). Hope and creative self-efficacy as sequential mediators in the relationship between family socioeconomic status and creativity. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, Article 438. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00438

Published
2024-04-22
How to Cite
Cvjetinović, V., Pavlović, Z., & Kaurin, S. (2024). Students’ self-assessment of creativity depending on their gender and the level of education of their parents. Synesis: Journal for Humanities and Social Sciences, 5(1), 83-106. https://doi.org/10.7251/SIN2401005C
Section
Articles